Parents’ Guide to Dyslexia
Maybe you remember your classmate who had difficulty with reading or retelling the text at the blackboard? Teachers and parents accused him of being too lazy to read and speak more. If you remember such a child or perhaps your toddler is confusing the similar-sounding words and it has a hard time understanding what is written in the book, then most likely he is dyslexic.
Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that causes difficulties while learning to read and write. According to statistics, about 10% of the world’s population has such a diagnosis and do not know about it. Symptoms of dyslexia can begin not only in childhood but also persist in adolescents or adults.
The manifestation of dyslexia may be different in all children and here are the main ones
- It is difficult for a child to repeat and reproduce sounds or rhythms;
- The pupil has difficulty assimilating written information (cannot understand and retell the text);
- It is difficult for a child to memorize poems and it can’t easily read the poetry in front of the audience;
- The child can invent new words while reading the text and it can changes syllables in the words;
- The child can’t identify and name the time on the clock, it has a terrible sense of direction;
- The kid gets tired very quickly when it reads and writes.
Usually, children with dyslexia lagging behind the school curriculum. They are hyperactive; it is difficult for them to count and remember colors.
Types of dyslexia
- Purchased dyslexia. This type of dyslexia is not of genetic origin. Most often, it appears as a consequence of brain injuries and diseases that damage areas of the brain responsible for reading and writing.
- Phonemic dyslexia. The child has problems with the perception of phonemes. That is, it can confuse similar sounds and replace them during the reading. The child can also insert vowel sounds between consonants, or skip some letters in words.
- Semantic dyslexia. A person can read words, but it is difficult to imagine the word. He doesn’t understand its meaning and cannot answer questions that concern the content of the text he has read.
- Grammatical dyslexia. A person with this type of dyslexia often changes the endings of words, confusing words that represent the number of subjects, and the time of verbs in a sentence.
- Deep or mixed dyslexia. The most severe form of dyslexia. People with deep dyslexia cannot read. They have difficulty pronouncing and recognizing words and make visual and semantic mistakes.
Most often parents start to notice problems when the child goes to school and learns to read. But before making a diagnosis of “dyslexia” your child should consult with different specialists: speech therapist, neuropsychiatrist, otolaryngologist, and psychologist. Also, parents should check the hearing of their child, eye test, and willingness to learn from appropriate specialists.
Dyslexia should be diagnosed by a qualified specialist and the correction process may last several months or years and some people may not overcome this disorder.