Coronavirus symptoms in kids and adults – what is the difference?
At first, the whole world says that a hazardous coronavirus infection is dangerous for all inhabitants of our planet. Then, scientists and physicians from all over the world discover the fact that there are certain groups of people who are at high risk of infection with the virus – these are very old people and those who have chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, diabetes, and others. Each of us is in the risk group and at gunpoint of a ruthless virus, but someone will be able to get away easily and someone Covid-19 will not leave a single chance to survive, with deep regret.
And what about children? Parents are always worried about the health of their babies, and during a pandemic, the worrying doubles and keeps many families with children in peace.
Global data shows that children make up about 5-8% of the total among all coronavirus sufferers. Such data suggest that children’s bodies, especially their immune systems, are stronger and have sufficient resources to fight the dangerous virus. In addition, more cases are carried asymptomatically or in mild form and don’t require hospital treatment. Also calming is the low percentage of coronavirus symptoms in toddlers (up to 1%) and this small percentage fall on children under 1 year old. But this is not a reason to worry and relax because each case is individual.
Besides, interesting is the fact that children are the main carriers of coronavirus. The virus is able to live and preserve its capabilities up to 14 days in the body of children who asymptomatically endured the disease and those children who have suffered in the mild form of Covid-19 can be carriers of the disease to 18 days. Therefore, it is possible to understand how important the decision to transfer most of the schools in different countries to distance learning was.
We talked about statistics and found out that Coronavirus is not so terrible for the younger generation. And now the main question is how to recognize coronavirus symptoms in kids?
Symptoms of coronavirus in kids, what are they like?
Most infectious disease doctors say that Covid symptoms in kids are no different from those we can see in adults. One nuance is the severity of the disease. In other words, pneumonia and other inflammatory process are less common in all underage children.
Most often coronavirus symptoms in children appear in the upper respiratory tract: mouth, nose, and throat (as in common symptoms of acute respiratory diseases).
Pediatricians identify the following Covid-19 symptoms in kids
- General malaise and lethargy;
- High body temperature;
- A dry cough (which turns into a productive cough after 2-3 days) and a runny nose;
- High fatigue and lack of energy.
Even rarer symptoms of Covid in children are muffled sense of smell (or complete lack of taste), diarrhea, muscle pain, vomiting, conjunctivitis, the appearance of various spots on the surface layers of the skin, changes in skin color on toes and hands.
All these signs of Covid 19 in children do not develop immediately (gradually) and have a weakened character.
Therefore, parents will not be able to recognize the signs of coronavirus in kids immediately without a test and confuse them with symptoms of a common cold.
There is evidence that a child who has had pediatric Covid symptoms or had a severe degree of the disease may re-infected with coronavirus. This is especially true for those children who have severe heart and lung pathologies, malignant neoplasms (tumors), and who have had organ transplants, among others.
Why do symptoms of coronavirus in babies occur more often than in adults and what is the reason for this?
- The main reason is the difference in immune response in children and adults (in children it is stronger);
- Children are more likely to have seasonal viral diseases than adults and therefore the presence of other respiratory diseases in children reduces the viral load on the body;
- ACE2 protein (which is found on the surface of the organ cells) plays a key role in infecting the Covid-19 virus; therefore, the amount of ACE2 protein in children and adults is crucial.
In addition, we would like to point out once again that coronavirus is equally dangerous for all age-old population groups on our planet. An important role is played by the presence of strong immunity (body response) and related diseases that will complicate the situation and reduce the chances of victory over a new virus called Covid-19. Take care of yourself and your loved ones!