All you want to know about the BMI and morbid obesity of kids
It is well known that excess weight is not beautiful and its presence affects our health and well-being. But despite this, the number of obese children is increasing every year, but why?
The simplest and most logical reason for this is the genetics and lifestyle of the child’s parents. Everyone agrees that parents who suffer from any degree of obesity will have a child with the same problem in 80% of the cases.
Another reason is the world trend of child entertainment. Children of all ages used to spend most of their time playing games on the street but now gadgets with the Internet are their best friends. The constant formula for health is correct and balanced nutrition plus physical activity. And this system is crashing down every year.
Of course, there are many congenital abnormalities such as:
- Adrenal dysfunction;
- Down’s syndrome;
- Pathologies are related to the pituitary (a traumatic brain injury, tumors).
There are not so many cases like this, but unfortunately, they happen. Most children begin to suffer from morbid obesity due to their eating habits and physical inactivity. The most common cause of overweight kids is the uncontrolled consumption of huge amounts of calories with food. Children often eat food for pleasure rather than to be fed. Many modern foods contain a lot of sugar and flavor enhancers, which causes appetite and addiction.
How to understand that your child is at risk of obesity? There is a formula to calculate the BMI (body mass index). You need to know the child’s weight and height for calculating the body mass index. There is also a table in which you can determine whether or not your child is at the risk of becoming overweight. The table has different indicators for boys and girls.
Deviation from the norm determines the degree of child’s obesity
The first degree of obesity is a 15-24% deviation from body weight
- Excess fat can affect the curvature of the child’s spine.
- It can cause high blood pressure.
- It can cause more headaches.
- There’s a chance of progressing gastritis.
The second degree of obesity is 25-49% deviation from body weight
- Sweating levels are rising.
A teenager may have a hormonal imbalance and at the same time skin rashes, acne and eels may appear.
The third degree is from 50% to 99%
- The child has problems with joints.
- Delayed puberty and dysfunction of the reproductive system.
- The occurrence of a hernia in the inguinal or hip areas.
- Risk of developing diabetes and arterial hypertension.
The fourth degree is 100 % or more
It’s the deepest degree of obesity.The body of the child suffers from various diseases (liver, joints, respiratory system) and excess weight which presses on the spine and limbs. People (with 4 degrees of obesity) are immobile and they suffer from sleep apnea. This condition is fatal for any person.
According to the statistics, most children of different ages suffer from 1-2 degrees of obesity. The situation is not critical, but if parents do not do anything, their child can get to 3 or 4 degrees of obesity easily.
Treatment of obesity
As we have said before, this is the right balance of nutrition and exercise. The result of diet and activity can be seen shortly (the metabolism of a child is much faster than that of an adult). Basic nutrition rules for an obese child:
- The minimum amount of fried, sweet, and salty food.
- The consumption of sufficient filtered water.
- Interval meals in small portions.
- The last meal request should be not later than three hours before bed.
- Excluding fast food; vegetables, fruits (which have a low Glycemic index), and greens in unlimited quantities.
Your doctor will prescribe therapeutic exercise and he will advise you on sports sections to visit.
Healthy parents are the best example for children! Remember that it is better to prevent obesity than to treat it and suffer from discomfort.